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From left to right: mitre of Leo XIII, tiaras of Pius IX, mitre of Benedict XV.

Stockings, shoes and gloves.

Once there were two kinds of stockings discerned in the clerical dress. Usually they were made of silk in the colour appropriate …

Headgear

Zucchetto (lat. pileolus) is used to cover the crown. It should be made of cloth in the winter and silk (watered in …

Coats

Ferraiolo (it. ferraiolone, ferraiolo – formerly there were two different types of outerwear) – the coat worn by the clergy during various …

Cappa magna and cappa parva

The cappa magna, or the great cape, sometimes also called the Roman cape in Poland, is one of few garments of good …

Mantellone, soprana, croccia

The mantellone was a kind of a longer version of the mantelletta, however put on immediately on the cassock, always in the …

Mozzetta and mantelletta

The mozzetta it is a sign of jurisdiction and although has survived the last reforms, the hood has been cut. The hood survived …

Collar, sash and rochet

A clerical collar consisted of a white neckband and a pectoral in the colour of the cassock, which applied also to religious …

Cassock and simar

Using a regular (everyday) cassock: – the Pope wears white; during summer cassock is made of satin, in winter – of cloth; …

Materials and colours

According to the rank, one wore garments and other accessories made of various materials. The Holy Father used to wear garments made …

Ritus benedictionis pontificalis

The bishop’s solemn benediction (less solemn, used during the Low Masses differs only in the lack of the mitre and the pastoral …